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Synthesis and Evaluation of the Anticonvulsant Activities of New 5-substitued-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-4(5H)-one Derivatives

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Guo-Rui Zhang, Yang Ren, Xiu-Mei Yin* and Zhe-Shan Quan   Pages 406 - 413 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Eplilepsy is defined as one of the most common neurological diseases, which affects approximately 50 million people all over the word. Despite the development of several new antiseizure drugs, the treatment of epilepsy remains still inadequate, because generally, anticonvulsant drugs can cause serious side effects such as neurotoxicity, depression, and impaired memory function. It is therefore imperative to search for new, safer, and more effective drugs for epilepsy.

Methods: All the synthesized compounds were evaluated their anticonvulsant activities by the Maximal electroshock seizure and chemical-induced seizures models. The neurotoxicity of the compounds was measured in mice by the rotarod test.

Results: Twenty 5-substitued-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-4(5H)-one derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for anticonvulsant activities. Compound 5d was the most potent with an ED50 value of 27.39 mg/kg and a PI of 24.99. It also protected against seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole and bicuculline. In addition, compound 5d exhibited an ED50 value of 76.1 mg/kg and a PI > 39.44 following oral administration.

Conclusion: All the synthesized compounds were confirmed by IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and Mass spectra. Compound 5-hexyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-4(5H)-one (5d) was safer than the commercially available drugs carbamazepine by administration of i.p in MES test. It also protected against seizures induced by chemical substances. Compound 5d should be a potential oral agent for treatment of epilepsy.

Keywords:

Synthesis, anticonvulsant, triazole, quinoxalin, MES, carbamazepine.

Affiliation:

Key Laboratory of Natural Resources and Functional Molecules of the Changbai Mountain, Affiliated Ministry of Education, College of Pharmacy, Yanbian University, Yanji, Jilin, 133002, Key Laboratory of Natural Resources and Functional Molecules of the Changbai Mountain, Affiliated Ministry of Education, College of Pharmacy, Yanbian University, Yanji, Jilin, 133002, Key Laboratory of Natural Resources and Functional Molecules of the Changbai Mountain, Affiliated Ministry of Education, College of Pharmacy, Yanbian University, Yanji, Jilin, 133002, Key Laboratory of Natural Resources and Functional Molecules of the Changbai Mountain, Affiliated Ministry of Education, College of Pharmacy, Yanbian University, Yanji, Jilin, 133002

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