Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


Synthesis of Pyridinyl-benzo[d]imidazole/Pyridinyl-benzo[d]thiazole Derivatives and their Yeast Glucose Uptake Activity In Vitro

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 9 ]

Author(s):

Momin Khan*, Riaz Ahmad, Gauhar Rehman, Naeem Gul, Sana Shah, Uzma Salar, Shahnaz Perveen and Khalid Mohammed Khan   Pages 984 - 993 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Diabetes is the primary cause of fatality and disability all over the world, in recent past, we have reported various classes of compounds as anti-glycating agents and we have also reported benzimidazole and benzothiazole derivatives as a potential class of anti-glycating agents. This encouraged us to evaluate the pyridinyl benzimidazole/pyridinyl benzothiazole derivatives 1-27 for yeast glucose uptake activity.

Methods: In the present study, an equimolar mixture of pyridine carboxaldehyde derivatives (1 mmol) and sodium metabisulphite (1 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred for 10 to 15 min, followed by addition of o-phenylene diamine/2-aminothiophenol (1 mmol) into it and refluxed for 3 h. The progress of the reaction was monitored by TLC. After completion, the reaction mixture was poured into crushed ice. Precipitates were formed which were collected by filtration to produce compounds 1-27 in good yields. Recrystallization from methanol yielded pure crystals.

Results: Our present study showed that all compounds showed a varying degree of yeast glucose uptake activity in the range IC50 = 36.43-272.20 µM, compared to standard metronidazole (IC50 = 41.86 ± 0.09 µM). Compounds 5 (IC50 = 38.14 ± 0.17 µM), 6 (IC50 = 40.23 ± 0.20 µM), and 7 (IC50 = 36.43 ± 0.02 µM) showed an excellent yeast glucose uptake activity better than the standard.

Conclusion: Pyridinyl benzimidazole/pyridinyl benzothiazole derivatives 1-27 were synthesized, structurally characterized, and evaluated for in vitro yeast glucose uptake activity. Compounds 5 (IC50 = 38.14 ± 0.17 µM), 6 (IC50 = 40.23 ± 0.20 µM), and 7 (IC50 = 36.43 ± 0.02 µM) demonstrated potent yeast glucose uptake activity as compared to standard metronidazole (IC50 = 41.86 ± 0.09 µM). This study identified a number of potential lead molecules which can be helpful in lowering the blood glucose level in hyperglycemia.

Keywords:

Pyridinyl benzimidazole, benzothiazole, yeast glucose uptake, in vitro, structure-activity relationship, hyperglycemia.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan-23200, Department of Chemistry, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan-23200, Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan-23200, Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan-23200, Department of Chemistry, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan-23200, H. E. J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Karachi, Shahrah-e-Dr. Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Karachi-75280, H. E. J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270

Graphical Abstract:



Read Full-Text article