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Synthesis of Piperidine Conjugated Dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-ones and their Antiproliferative Activity, Molecular Docking Studies and DFT Calculations

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Kereyagalahally Honneshappa Narasimhamurthy, Chandra, Toreshettahally Ramesh Swaroop, Swamy Jagadish and Kanchugarakoppal Subbegowda Rangappa*   Pages 85 - 93 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Xanthatin, fluoropyrimidine and thienopyrimidine, pyrazolopyrimidine, pyrimidine carboxamides, and SKLB1002 are reported as VEGFR2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Recently, many studies related to different heterocycles conjugated with dihydroquinazolinones are known to have very good biological activities. In this study, we are intended to explore the cytotoxic studies of piperidine conjugated dihydroquinazolinones against colorectal/colon cancer cell lines and along with molecular docking studies and DFT calculations.

Methods: The colorectal/colon cell lines HCT116 and A549 cell lines were treated with these compounds and cytotoxic activities were evaluated by MTT dye uptake method. We performed molecular modelling for compound 3d using the Auto Dock software. The binding of compound 3d with target proteins was studied with the collection of experimentally determined PDB database. Optimized geometry by DFT calculations was performed with B3LYP/6-31G (d) basis set.

Results: Piperidine-conjugated dihydroquinazolinone analogues displayed anticancer activity. Particularly, the compound 3d with electron-withdrawing substituents on a phenyl ring showed significant cytotoxicity against HCT116 and A549 cell lines. Molecular docking studies proved that the compound 3d has good fitting by forming hydrogen bonds with amino acid residues at the active sites of VEGFR2. The HOMO, LUMO, their energies and UV visible spectrum were predicted using DFT calculations.

Conclusion: Four piperidine-conjugated dihydroquinazolinones were synthesized and evaluated against colorectal and colon cancer cell lines. Compound 3d significantly inhibited the growth of HCT116 and A549. Molecular docking studies displayed good fitting of compound 3d by forming different H-bonds with the amino acid at the active sites of the VEGFR2 target. Using a theoretical approach, we optimized HOMO and LUMO plots for the compound 3d.

Keywords:

Piperidine-conjugated dihydroquinazolinones, cytotoxicity, human colorectal carcinoma, colon adenocarcinoma, VEGFR2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors, DFT.

Affiliation:

Department of Studies in Organic Chemistry, Manasagangotri University of Mysore, Mysuru 570006, Department of Physics, National Institute of Engineering, Mysuru 570008, Department of Studies in Organic Chemistry, Manasagangotri University of Mysore, Mysuru 570006, Department of Studies in Biochemistry, Manasagangotri, University of Mysore, Mysuru 570006, Department of Studies in Chemistry, Manasagangotri, University of Mysore, Mysuru 570006

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