Nimisha jain and Pradeep Kumar Singour* Pages 757 - 771 ( 15 )
Background: According to the World Health Organization, 50 million people worldwide are suffering from epilepsy, making it one of the most common neurological diseases globally. 2,3 disubstituted quinazolinone-4-one derivatives endowed with various pharmacological activity, particularly having anticonvulsant action.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to synthesize 3-Substituted-2,3-Dihydro-2-thioxoquinazolin- 4-(1H)-one derivative and evaluate for anticonvulsant activity and neurotoxicity in order to find an efficient, compound with lesser side effects.
Methods: A novel series of 3-[4-(2-amino-5, 6-dihydro-4(substituted phenyl)-4H-1, 3-oxazin /thiazin-6yl) phenyl]-2, 3-dihyro-2-thioxoquinazolin-4(1H)-one derivatives (4a-4p) were synthesized. The structures of the synthesized compounds were assigned on the basis of spectral data (UV, IR, 1HNMR, 13CNMR and MS) and performed anticonvulsant activity against maximal electroshock test and Subcutaneous Pentylenetetrazole model. Neurotoxicity was assessed using a rotarod apparatus test. The molecular docking study was performed to assess their binding affinities towards Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid type A receptor. A quantitative estimate of drug-likeness was also performed, which calculates the molecular properties and screen the molecules based on drug-likeness rules.
Results: Compounds 4b, 4e, 4j and 4m have shown the highest anticonvulsant activity against tonic seizure with decreased mean duration of tonic hind leg extension of 8.31, 7.35, 8.61 and 8.99 s, respectively in maximal electroshock model and increased onset time clonic convulsion duration of 94.45, 96.65, 93.51 and 91.86 s in Subcutaneous Pentylenetetrazole model. Molecular docking study revealed a better binding affinity with Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid type A receptor.
Conclusion: The compound 4b and 4e emerged out as the pilot molecule with a better anticonvulsant activity without any neurotoxicity. The obtained results showed that compounds 4b and 4e could be useful as a template for future design, optimization, and investigation to produce more active analogs.
Epilepsy, gamma-aminobutyric acid, world health organization, molecular properties, drug-likeness rules, pharmacological Screening.
Computational & Synthetic Chemistry Division, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, VNS Group of Institutions, Neelbud, Bhopal 462023 (M.P.), Computational & Synthetic Chemistry Division, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, VNS Group of Institutions, Neelbud, Bhopal 462023 (M.P.)