Shradheya R.R. Gupta, Ekta Gupta, Avnam Ohri, Sandeep Kumar Shrivastava, Sumita Kachhwaha, Vinay Sharma, Rupesh Kumar Mishra and Ravi Ranjan Kumar Niraj* Pages 1422 - 1431 ( 10 )
Background: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a causative agent of tuberculosis. It is a non-motile, acid-fast, obligatory aerobic bacterium. Finding novel drug targets in Mycobacterium tuberculosis has become extremely important as the bacterium is evolving into a more dangerous multi-drug resistant pathogen. The predominant strains in India belong to the Central-Asian, East- African Indian, and Beijing clad. For the same reason, the whole proteomes of a non-virulent strain (H37Ra), a virulent (H37Rv) and two clinical strains, a Central-Asian clad (CAS/NITR204) and a Beijing clad (CCDC5180) have been selected for comparative study. Selecting a phylogenetically close and majorly studied non-virulent strain is helpful in removing the common and undesired proteins from the study.Objective: The study compares the whole proteome of non-virulent strain with the other three virulent strains to find a unique protein responsible for virulence in virulent strains. It is expected that the drugs developed against identified targets will be specific to the virulent strains. Additionally, to assure minimal toxicity to the host, we also screened the human proteome. Methods: Comparative proteome analysis was used for target identification and In-silico validation of identified target protein Rv2466c, identification of the respective ligand of the identified target protein and binding interaction study using Molecular docking and Molecular Dynamic Simulation study were used in this study. Result and Discussions: Finally, eleven proteins were found to be unique in virulent strain only and out of which, Rv2466c (PDB-ID: 4ZIL) was found to be an essential protein and identified as a putative drug target protein for further study. The compound glutathione was found to be a suitable inhibitor for Rv2466c. In this study, we used a comparative proteomics approach to identify novel target proteins. Conclusion: This study is unique as we are assured that the study will move forward the research in a new direction to cure the deadly disease (tuberculosis) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Rv2466c was identified as a novel drug target and glutathione as a respective ligand of Rv2466c. Discovery of the novel drug target as well as the drug will provide a solution to drug resistance as well as the infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Multi-drug resistance, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, comparative proteomic study, molecular docking, molecular dynamic simulation, novel, drug target.
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