Emine Merve Güngör, Mehlika Dilek Altıntop*, Belgin Sever and Gülşen Akalın Çiftçi Pages 1380 - 1392 ( 13 )
Background: Akt is overexpressed or activated in a variety of human cancers, including gliomas, lung, breast, ovarian, gastric and pancreatic carcinomas. Akt inhibition leads to the induction of apoptosis and inhibition of tumor growth and therefore extensive efforts have been devoted to the discovery of potent antitumor drugs targeting Akt.Objectives: The objective of this work was to identify potent anticancer agents targeting Akt. Methods: New hydrazone derivatives were synthesized and investigated for their cytotoxic effects on 5RP7 H-ras oncogene transformed rat embryonic fibroblast and L929 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell lines. Besides, the apoptotic effects of the most active compounds on 5RP7 cell line were evaluated using flow cytometry. Their Akt inhibitory effects were also investigated using a colorimetric assay. In silico docking and Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion (ADME) studies were also performed using Schrödinger’s Maestro molecular modeling package. Results and Discussions: Compounds 3a, 3d, 3g and 3j were found to be effective on 5RP7 cells (with IC50 values of <0.97, <0.97, 1.13±0.06 and <0.97 μg/mL, respectively) when compared with cisplatin (IC50= 1.87±0.15 μg/mL). It was determined that these four compounds significantly induced apoptosis in 5RP7 cell line. Among them, N'-benzylidene-2-[(4-(4-methoxyphenyl)pyrimidin- 2-yl)thio]acetohydrazide (3g) significantly inhibited Akt (IC50= 0.5±0.08 μg/mL) when compared with GSK690693 (IC50= 0.6±0.05 μg/mL). Docking studies suggested that compound 3g showed good affinity to the active site of Akt (PDB code: 2JDO). According to in silico ADME studies, the compound also complies with Lipinski's rule of five and Jorgensen's rule of three. Conclusion: Compound 3g stands out as a potential orally bioavailable cytotoxic agent and apoptosis inducer targeting Akt.
Akt, apoptosis, cancer, hydrazone, molecular docking, pyrimidine.
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu University, 26470 Eskişehir, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu University, 26470 Eskişehir, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu University, 26470 Eskişehir, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu University, 26470 Eskişehir